policy / research


Comprised of national experts in prevention and evidence-based medicine, the U.S Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) provides recommendations regarding preventive screenings and services. In September 2020, USPSTF issued the draft recommendation statement, “Hearing Loss in Older Adults: Screening” for individuals over the age of 50. Reviewing available evidence of the benefits and harm of screening, accuracy of screening tools, and benefits and harms of interventions for hearing loss identified through screening, USPSTF determined there is insufficient evidence to support a screening recommendation for asymptomatic older adults age 50 years and older.

Approximately 38 million individuals in the U.S. have untreated hearing loss, which is associated with multiple comorbidities, including cognitive and functional decline, dementia, falls, depression, reduced quality of life, and an increased number of emergency department visits and hospitalizations. Earlier identification of  hearing loss and intervention can have positive long-term effects and may lead to better health outcomes and lower costs to society.

HIA submitted comments in response to the USPSTF draft recommendations, raising several concerns with the reliance on a study that is not reflective of the overall hearing loss population, and included multiple recommendations. HIA recommendations include support for:

  • Hearing screening for older adults with an evidence-based and reliable test protocol, as well as continued use of the Initial Patient Physical Exam and Annual Wellness Visit mandated by CMS for Medicare beneficiaries;
  • Assembling subject matter experts to develop a two-part screening recommendation and protocol;
  • A focus on more specific evidence and peer-reviewed research to support a screening recommendation.


September 23, 2020 Outrage or Contrition? How to React to the USPSTF’s Apathy on Hearing Screening by Physicians

October 5, 2020 HIA Comments on the Draft Recommendation Statement for Hearing Loss in Older Adults: Screening

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